Access to clean water is essential for children’s survival and development. Increasingly water sources are under threat from contamination, which impacts not only on the health of children, but also on the social, environmental and economic development of communities. In rural areas of East Africa, one third of villages have no access to a valid water source.
The main technology options are boreholes (44%), shallow wells (24%) and protected springs (21%). Tap stands, public kiosks and rainwater harvesting represent 11% of water sourced. Access to mains water supply is restricted to urban areas, where it is estimated 20% of premises have a safely managed water supply.